Previous studies have reached mixed conclusions as to the effect of tuition on college attendance

Similar to our estimates, Shao (2015) and Bleemer et al. (2017) use variation in tuition at public institutions to conclude the attendance and completion margins, respectively, are insensitive to costs. Other studies have found more significant effects. As discussed in a review paper by Deming and Dynarski (2010), this literature often focuses on low-income or generally disadvantaged students, and the best identified papers find a $1,000 tuition increase (in 2003 dollars) reduces enrollment by 34 percentage points.